Pharmacology & Therapeutics is an essential component of the modern undergraduate medical curriculum; as it is the science which deals with study of the drugs & their effects on living systems.
Pharmacology can be defined as study of the substances (drugs) that interact with living systems through chemical processes, especially by binding to regulatory molecules and activating or inhibiting normal body processes.
Therapeutics is the art & science of treating diseases mainly by drugs, although it includes use of all means for alleviation of symptoms & cure of disease.
- Broadly, pharmacology deals with the knowledge of history, source, physical and chemical properties, route of administration, absorption, distribution, biotransformation & excretion, mechanism of action, biochemical and physiological effects, therapeutic use; adverse effects , drug interactions & contraindications of drugs.
- Pharmacology encompasses all aspects of the knowledge about drugs but most importantly those that are relevant to effective & safe use for the patients.
The teaching of Pharmacology & Therapeutics is designed to meet the requirement of 3rd year MBBS students; in the form of:
- Interactive lectures, Tutorials, Problem based learning, Presentations/ Seminars and practical work.
- Practical work is conducted in well equipped pharmacology laboratory.
- Practical application of the dosage forms of the drugs administered by various routes.
- Pharmacodynamic Experimental work aims at demonstration of actions of drugs in experimental animals & isolated tissues.
- Pharmacy practical work includes
- Weights and measures
- Preparation of Powders, Mixtures, Emulsions, Ointments.
- They are taught how to calculate:
- Doses for children.
- Important pharmacokinetic parameters
- Ingredients for various percentage solutions of Dextrose & normal saline
- Introduction to biostatistics
Assessment of students continues throughout the academic session by performance in:
- Tutorials/ Pre-tutorial Tests
- Chapter Tests
- Term Examinations
- Pre-annual Examination
The performance is judged by:
- Theory paper: comprising of MCQs & SEQs.
50% MCQs & SEQs are based on clinical / case scenario.
Most of the MCQs are constructed to assess application and analysis, and not merely simple recall.
- Objectively structured practical examination (OSPE)
- Structured Viva voce
Aims & Broad Objectives:
It is expected that at the end of 3rd year training session, the students should acquire the skill to:
- Prescribe drugs rationally
- Monitor the prescribed drug therapy
- Observe the interactions of different drugs
- Detect adverse drug reactions (ADR)
- Manage drug over dosage and poisoning.
Achievements of Students:
|No.||Name of student||Year||Internal Examination||Professional MBBS Examination of UHS, Lahore|
|1||Hassan Bin Arshad||2013||1st||3rd|
|2||Sadaf Faisal Bhopal||2012||1st||3rd|
|7||Syeda Sana Bokhari||2007||1st||–|